The toe is one of the dampest areas of the body. As such, it is prone to infections such as toenail fungal infection, which is caused by fungal overgrowth under the nails. According to statistics, men are more prone to have this kind of nail infection than women. There are also some individuals that are at risk of contracting this infection such as diabetes patients, smokers and people with weakened immune system. You can also be at risk if you have injured nails and you are constantly exposed to dirty water.
Symptoms of Toenail Fungus
Toenails with this kind of infection are very easy to identify. Compared to healthy toenails, an infected nail looks thicker. It also has a very odd shape. You might notice some cracks on the nails. Small spots can also appear, and over time these spots can grow larger. For severe infections, you can notice a thick buildup of yellowish material under the nail. The buildup of organic matter under your nail would then cause the nails to fall off.
How to Get Rid of Toenail Fungus
You can treat toenail fungal infection on your own. There are a lot of natural remedies that you can use to get rid of the fungi on your nails and prevent them from growing back again. You also have the option to consult with an expert to ask for a prescription drug. Here are the top remedies for toenail infection.
- Apple Cider Vinegar. The mild acidity of the apple cider vinegar helps kill the fungi infecting the nail bed. It also has natural antibacterial properties to prevent bacteria from infecting the wound and the nails. To treat your toenails, soak the infected foot in a 1:1 solution of water and apple cider vinegar.
- Topical Nail Cream. There are several topical creams that physicians prescribe to get rid of different fungi. You will need to apply this directly to the infected nails. If your toenails are too thick, you will need to remove a few layers for the medicine to completely seep into the nail bed.
- Anti-fungal Medication. Terbinafine and Itraconazole are two of the most commonly prescribed oral medication for toenail infection. These are antifungal drugs that help boost the growth of healthier nails to replace the infected one.
- Nail Surgery. In worst case scenarios, physicians might suggest removing the infected skin and toenail to prevent the spread of the infection to other parts of the body. Along with the surgery, the infected nail bed is treated with drugs like ciclopirox.
- Supplements for toenail fungus: NutraPure Fungus Clear is currently (June 2017) the best cure for toenail fungus, read fungus clear reviews here.
Prevention is always better than the cure. To avoid this infection, experts suggest maintaining a good hygiene. Wash and dry your feet properly. Make sure that you wipe the spaces in between your toes as well. You should also trim your nails regularly to avoid buildup of material underneath the nails. You should also inspect your toes to spot any odd discoloration.
Toenail Fungus Complications
If not treated correctly, this infection can cause several complications such as permanent nail damage, extreme pain or fungal infection on other parts of your body. For individuals with diabetes, they are at risk of bacterial infection as well as depleted blood supply on the affected foot.